Allied Sciences – General Psychology, Essential Anatomy and Physiology; Dietetics and Nutrition

Allied Sciences – General Psychology, Essential Anatomy and Physiology; Dietetics
and Nutrition

General Psychology
• INTRODUCTION:
Brief History of modern Psychology
Major Perspectives in Modern Psychology
Key data collection methods in Psychology

• Introduction to Altered States of Consciousness
Sleep: Stages of Sleep, Circadian Rhythm, Sleep Disorders; Dreams: The Content of
Dreams; Hypnosis, Biofeedback
• Behavioral Psychology: Psychology as a Science of Behavior; Definition of Behavior;
Psychic forces and human behavior, behavior and Consciousness, Psychological
basis of behavior;
• Personality: Nature and Types of Personality; Determinants of Personality: Heredity
and Environment; Facets and Stages of Personality Development; Personality
Theories of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler and C.G. Jung, Carl Rogers; Assessment of
Personality:
• Cognitive Psychology: Sensation, Perception, Attention, Memory, Learning, Feeling
etc.; Their definitions and types, Intelligence and its’ measurements; Emotional
Intelligence and Social Intelligence.
• Mental Health; Means of mental health; Positive Mental Health; Causes and
Consequences of Conflicts and Frustrations; Introduction to Common mental
disorders; Depressive disorders; Anxiety disorders; Serious mental disorders; Sleep
disorders; Mental retardation; Alcohol and drug abuse; Suicide, attempted suicide
and suicide prevention.

Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
• Introduction to cell, tissue, organs and systems; Basic cell physiology-Cell-
Introduction, Cell Organelles, Cell membrane, Movement of the substances and
water through the cell membrane, Bioelectric potentials.
• Musculoskeletal systems: Skeleton – names of all bones, joints and muscles,
cartilage, tendon and ligaments, types of bone, joints and their functions; spine,
muscles and their functions; Skeletal muscles – Properties of skeletal muscles,
Muscular contraction and relaxation, Neuromuscular junction, Sarcotubular
system, Smooth muscle- mechanism of contraction
• Digestive and excretory system: Anatomy of digestive system, excretory system
(component organs) and their functions; Gastro intestinal system- General 5

structure of alimentary canal, Gastric secretion, Pancreatic secretion, Gastric
motility-digestive peristalsis Gastrointestinal hormones.
• Renal physiology- Structure of kidney, Nephrones, Juxtra glomerular filtrate,
Reabsorption, Secretion-mechanism of secretion, Concentrating and diluting
mechanism of urine, Dialysis
• Nervous system and glands: Structure and properties of neurons, subdivisions of
nervous system and their functions, types of glands (endocrine and exocrine
glands), important endocrine and exocrine glands and types of hormones their
functions.
• Sensory nervous system, Motor nervous system, Higher functions of the nervous
system, Synapse, Reflexes Cerebrospinal fluid, Blood brain and blood CSF barrier
• Cardiovascular and respiratory system: Components of cardiovascular and
respiratory system; functions of cardiovascular and respiratory system; Circulatory
system- Functional anatomy of the heart, Properties of cardiac muscles, Conducting
system of the heart, Pressure changes during cardiac cycles, Capillary circulation,
Arterial and venous blood pressure; Respiratory system-Mechanism of breathing,
Ventilation, Regulation of respiration, Transport of gases, Hypoxia, Artificial
ventilation, Non respiratory functions of the lungs
• Immune system: Component organs of immune system, Functions of immune
system; Endocrinology-Endocrine glands, hormones, their functions;
• Reproductive system: Anatomy of male and female reproductive systems
• Stress physiology- how acute and chronic stress disturbs the normal physiology

Dietetics and Nutrition
• Basic concepts and components of food and nutrition Understanding Nutrition,
Basic Terminology in Relation to Nutrition Requirement, Human Nutritional
Requirements; Concept of food, Acceptance of Food, Functions of Food;
Components of Food & their Classification; Macro Nutrients –Sources, Functions
and Effects on the Body; Micro Nutrients – Sources, Functions and Effects on the
Body; Fat Soluble Nutrients – Sources, Functions and Effects on the Body; Water
soluble Nutrients – Sources, Functions and Effects on the Body; Significance of
Carbohydrate, Proteins, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals and water in the body;
Antioxidants and their Role;
• Yogic concept of diet and its relevance in the management of lifestyle
• Nutrients, proximate principles of diet, balanced diet concept; Carbohydrates,
proteins, fats – sources, nutritive values, importance; Minerals-calcium, iron,
phosphorus etc. Vitamins – sources, roles, requirements

• Food groups.
Cereals & Millets –Selection, Preparation and Nutritive Value; Pulses, Nuts and Oil
Seeds- Selection, Preparation and Nutritive Value; Milk and Milk Products- Selection, Preparation and Nutritive Value; Vegetables and Fruits- Selection, Preparation and
Nutritive Value, Fats, Oils and Sugar, Jaggery- Selection, Preparation and Nutritive
Value
• Food and metabolism. Energy- Basic Concepts, Definition and Components of Energy
Requirement, Energy Imbalance Concept of Metabolism, Anabolism, Catabolism,
Calorie Requirement-BMR, SDA, Physical Activity; Metabolism of Carbohydrates,
Lipids and Protein; Factors Affecting Energy; Requirement and Expenditure, Factors
affecting BMR.


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